Gita 04.23 explained

Bg 4.23

gata-saṅgasya muktasya
yajñāyācarataḥ karma
samagraṁ pravilīyate


gatasaṅgasya — of one unattached to the modes of material nature; muktasya — of the liberated; jñānaavasthita— situated in transcendence; cetasaḥ — whose wisdom; yajñāya — for the sake of Yajña (Kṛṣṇa); ācarataḥ — acting; karma — work; samagram — in total; pravilīyate — merges entirely.


The work of a man who is unattached to the modes of material nature and who is fully situated in transcendental knowledge merges entirely into transcendence.


In this verse Krishna concludes description of Karma Yoga

gata-saṅgasya muktasya – Sanga means attachment gata sanga means whose attachment has gone away, muktasya – > this person is liberated.

jñānāvasthita-cetasaḥ -> Such a person’s conscious is situated in knowledge.

yajñāyācarataḥ karma -> such a person acts for yajna

samagraṁ pravilīyate -> In totality that person’s karma will merge, it is significant that person will not merge but that person’s work will merge.

His work will become transcendental.

In this verse very significant is yajñāyācarataḥ karma, Krishna is referred as principal of Yajna in 3.9 where he says work for the purpose of Yajna then you will not be bound, he has talked about whole system of Yajna from 3.9 to 3.16, so Yajna is not just fire sacrifice Yajna is selfless sacrifice. When the person will act in the mode of Yajna, then the person will be free from bondage. This word yajñāyācarataḥ karma will be expanded from 4.24 to 4.33

Author: Bhavin Kataria

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