Gita 14.11 explained

Link to purport by A C Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada

Transcript of Bhakti-Shastri class on this verse by Chaitanya Charan

Now activities will be described when a particular mode becomes prominent

Bg 14.11

sarva-dvāreṣu dehe ’smin
prakāśa upajāyate
jñānaṁ yadā tadā vidyād
vivṛddhaṁ sattvam ity uta


sarvadvāreṣu — in all the gates; dehe asmin — in this body; prakāśaḥ — the quality of illumination; upajāyate — develops; jñānam — knowledge; yadā — when; tadā — at that time; vidyāt — know; vivṛddham — increased; sattvam — the mode of goodness; iti uta — thus it is said.


The manifestation of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of the body are illuminated by knowledge.


sarva-dvāreṣu dehe ’smin, for the body there are various doors which are the doors Nav Dvare Pure Dehi, we have discussed this in 5.13 BG there are nine gates to this body, 

sarva-dvāreṣu dehe ’smin
prakāśa upajāyate

that illumination is there, e.g. if I have to go out of this room if there is no Prakash then I cannot see anything clearly but when there is Prakash I can see things clearly, 

jñānaṁ yadā tadā vidyād
vivṛddhaṁ sattvam ity uta


the word Jyana and Vidhya may seems similar here but they have different context, when there is Jyana, illumination of knowledge, so Prakasha of Jyana, so knowledge illuminates in its own way when I have cough then for me it is just cough but a doctor can see the reason beyond that and if there is anything serious with it. So Jyana leads to Prakash, so when mode of goodness is there then one’s pathway are illuminated that means one understands. The senses are the doors through which our consciousness travels, consciousness goes in various ways and whichever way it goes the choices brings consequences, so when one is able to perceive the consequences that means there is light over there, so illumination is what is important. And without illumination there is delusion, there is confusion, and person act like a foolish person a deluded person and person acts self destructively, so when the senses are illumined then a person know what should be done and what not, how one should act and how one should not act, 

jñānaṁ yadā tadā vidyād so when there is Jyana then vivṛddhaṁ sattvam ity uta, this is mode of goodness 

SP Purport: In the mode of goodness, one can see things in the right position, one can hear things in the right position, and one can taste things in the right position. 

Here position means how that particular object interact with us, how we choose to deal with that particular thing and what effect it will have on us. Food has to be eaten that is normal human function but in ignorance a person may eat something which may be harmful, in passion a person may eat something just because of the taste and not thing about how it is going to effect the health, we will talk about foods in different modes in 17th chapter, but here the important point is to recognize that there are three modes and when one sees the action and understand the position of those objects or actions with our consciousness this is going to affect me in this way then that is the mode of goodness.

End of transcription.

Author: Vallabhi

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