Gita 15.02 explained

Link to purport by A C Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada

Transcript of Bhakti-Shastri class on this verse by Chaitanya Charan

Bg 15.2

adhaś cordhvaṁ prasṛtās tasya śākhā
guṇa-pravṛddhā viṣaya-pravālāḥ
adhaś ca mūlāny anusantatāni
karmānubandhīni manuṣya-loke

Synonyms: 

adhaḥ — downward; ca — and; ūrdhvam — upward; prasṛtāḥ — extended; tasya — its; śākhāḥ — branches; guṇa— by the modes of material nature; pravṛddhāḥ — developed; viṣaya — sense objects; pravālāḥ — twigs; adhaḥ— downward; ca — and; mūlāni — roots; anusantatāni — extended; karma — to work; anubandhīni — bound; manuṣyaloke — in the world of human society.

Translation: 

The branches of this tree extend downward and upward, nourished by the three modes of material nature. The twigs are the objects of the senses. This tree also has roots going down, and these are bound to the fruitive actions of human society.

adhaś cordhvaṁ prasṛtās tasya śākhā

Krishna is saying things are not simple here, some roots are going down and some upward 

adhaś cordhvaṁ prasṛtās tasya śākhā

The branches goes upward as well as downward, this represents how living entity can move up and down in material existence. The creation has begin from Brahma so the roots are up and from there things are moving downwards, so Brahma Ji is the first created living being, and living beings fall and then they stay in material existence and they go in various species and various directions, so with their transmigrated trajectory they can come downward or can go upward, the branches here represents how the tree expands, adhaś cordhvaṁ prasṛtās tasya śākhā,, a Sakha can move upward or downward.

guṇa-pravṛddhā viṣaya-pravālāḥ

guṇa-pravṛddhā, they are nourished by the modes so this is the connection. Every tree needs water for nourishment, when we choose a particular desire accordingly to the three modes then accordingly our material existence expands. Accordingly we move forward in life, 

viṣaya-pravālāḥ, viṣaya, sense objects; pravālāḥ, twigs so viṣaya-pravālāḥ refers to sense objects are the twigs. 

adhaś ca mūlāny anusantatāni, the roots also goes downward 

means the whole tree is very complicated when we use to word root we use in many senses, one is root means from where things begin. Where we come from. The roots of all our actions are desires. The thought is the seed of the deed. What we have to do is, we have to change our thoughts if we wanted to change our actions. Also conversely if we do certain actions it effects our thoughts. So based on actions thoughts are changed which means roots are changed so roots can also go upward or downward. So we go by our Karma upwards or downwards and our own conceptions changes based on how we act. Sometimes we act positively and sometimes negatively so accordingly we go up and down. 

 adhaś ca mūlāny anusantatāni
karmānubandhīni manuṣya-loke

karma + anubandhīni, a person becomes bound by Karma. manuṣya-loke in human existence. Law of Karma works in different ways in different level of planets earthly plant is basically for doing Karma and Heavens and Hells are for enjoying the fruits but on heaven also if they offend devotees they have to suffer but there are much more freedom in heaven than on earthly planet, laws of Karma are different there.  

karmānubandhīni manuṣya-loke

So the bondage is created in Manushya Loka. So in this ways living entities are bound in human society. 

SP Purport: In the lower parts, there are variegated manifestations of living entities – human beings, animals, horses, cows, dogs, cats, etc.

This planet of human beings is considered the field of activities.

End of transcription.

Author: Vallabhi

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